Monthly Archives

December 2012

IGCWG Member Lieselot Bisschop successfully defends her PhD in Criminology

International Green Criminology Working Group member Lieselot Bisschop successfully defended her PhD in Criminology at Ghent University on December 7th.

Her PhD research “analyses the empirical reality of governing transnational environmental crime flows. The studied cases are the illegal trade in electronic waste (e-waste) and tropical timber.

This study first examines the emergence and social organisation of these cases. This entails looking at the scope and impact of the flows and at which legal, illegal and informal actors are involved, how they interact and what drives them. Building on the gained insights, this study analyses the governance reality. Relating back to the responsive regulatory pyramid and networked governance, this study makes several observations about the governance actors and their interaction. The research setting is the Port of Antwerp and particularly the flows between Europe and West and Central Africa.

This research is based on a qualitative multi-method research design combining a document analysis of various primary and secondary sources, 81 interviews with key informants, and field visits.”

Lieselot’s PhD research has been published as five separate articles, three available now:

Bisschop, L. (2011). “Transnational environmental crime: exploring (un)charted territory.” In M. Cools et al. (Eds.), EU Criminal Justice, Financial & Economic Crime: New Perspectives, Governance of Security Research Papers (Vol. 5, pp. 155-183). Antwerpen: Maklu.

Bisschop, L. (2012). Is it all going to waste? Illegal transports of e-waste in a European trade hub. Crime, Law and Social Change, 58(3), 221-249.

Bisschop, L. (2012): Out of the woods: the illegal trade in tropical timber and a European trade hub, Global Crime, 13(3), 191-212.

And two scheduled to be published:

Bisschop, L. “Go with the e-waste flows. The governance reality of illegal transports of e-waste in a European trad…

The Green Criminology Monthly #4 – December 2012


This is the fourth issue of The Green Criminology Monthly by the IGCWG. Written and reviewed by the members of the International Green Criminology Working Group, The Green Criminology Monthly is a source of original research and publication on green criminology, environmental crime, and other issues concerning criminology. Each month a issue of this publication will be posted to our blog.

The article is available below in its full form, and is also available as a downloadable PDF and DOC file on our Monthly Archive Page.

Using the Treadmill of Production to Inform a Political Economy Approach to Green Criminology
Dr. Michael Long
Department of Social Sciences
Oklahoma State University


I would like to provide an overview of a political economy approach to green criminology.  I will first provide an overview of the treadmill of production (ToP) theoretical framework that I (along with Paul Stretesky and Michael Lynch; see: Long, et al., 2012) have adapted from environmental sociology to understand and explain green crimes in a political economy framework.  I will then use examples from the coal industry to illustrate the usefulness of the ToP approach to green criminology.

In his 1980 work, The Environment: From Surplus to Scarcity, Allan Schnaiberg described the relationship between humans and the environment.  His focus was on how and why humans contribute to environmental problems. To answer these questions, Schnaiberg posited a political economy explanation.  Political economy focuses on structural explanations, in this case, how class relations shape economic production and consequently environmental problems.  The initial formulation of the ToP focused on Post-World War II United States, but was later extended to focus on environmental problems in the global political economy.

So, what is the treadmill of production?  In short, it describes how environmental harms are the direct result of the process of…

Copyright ©2012. All Rights Reserved. Site Version 1.04.