This is the sixth issue of The Green Criminology Monthly by the IGCWG. Written and reviewed by the members of the International Green Criminology Working Group, The Green Criminology Monthly is a source of original research and publication on green criminology, environmental crime, and other issues concerning criminology. Each month a issue of this publication will be posted to our blog.
The article is available below in its full form, and is also available as a downloadable PDF and DOC file on our Monthly Archive Page.
Species Justice: The Future Protection of Wildlife and the Reform of Wildlife Laws.
Dr. Angus Nurse
School of Social Sciences
Birmingham City University
Species justice discourse considers the responsibility man owes to other species as part of broader ecological concerns. Man, as the dominant species on the planet, has considerable potential to destroy nonhuman animals, or, through effective laws and criminal justice regimes, to provide for effective animal protection. Benton suggests that ‘it is widely recognized that members of other animal species and the rest of non-human nature urgently need to be protected from destructive human activities’ (1998: 149). Wildlife laws are an integral part of species justice and provide a means through which contemporary criminal justice can extend beyond traditional human ideals of justice as a punitive or rehabilitative ideal, to incorporate shared concepts of reparative and restorative justice between humans and non-human animals. However animals, particularly wild animals, are often viewed solely in relation to their economic or property value. Thus legal protection for wildlife often exists only so far as wildlife use corresponds with human interests in using animals for food or other forms of commercial exploitation (e.g. trade in skins, parts or derivatives).
Wildlife campaigners in the UK , US and across Europe have consistently argued for stronger…