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The Green Criminology Monthly #6 – February 2013

This is the sixth issue of The Green Criminology Monthly by the IGCWG. Written and reviewed by the members of the International Green Criminology Working Group, The Green Criminology Monthly is a source of original research and publication on green criminology, environmental crime, and other issues concerning criminology. Each month a issue of this publication will be posted to our blog.

The article is available below in its full form, and is also available as a downloadable PDF and DOC file on our Monthly Archive Page.

Species Justice: The Future Protection of Wildlife and the Reform of Wildlife Laws.
Dr. Angus Nurse
School of Social Sciences
Birmingham City University

Introduction

Species justice discourse considers the responsibility man owes to other species as part of broader ecological concerns. Man, as the dominant species on the planet, has considerable potential to destroy nonhuman animals, or, through effective laws and criminal justice regimes, to provide for effective animal protection. Benton suggests that ‘it is widely recognized that members of other animal species and the rest of non-human nature urgently need to be protected from destructive human activities’ (1998: 149). Wildlife laws are an integral part of species justice and provide a means through which contemporary criminal justice can extend beyond traditional human ideals of justice as a punitive or rehabilitative ideal, to incorporate shared concepts of reparative and restorative justice between humans and non-human animals. However animals, particularly wild animals, are often viewed solely in relation to their economic or property value. Thus legal protection for wildlife often exists only so far as wildlife use corresponds with human interests in using animals for food or other forms of commercial exploitation (e.g. trade in skins, parts or derivatives).

Wildlife campaigners in the UK , US and across Europe have consistently argued for stronger…

Publication Announcement: “The Distribution of Water-Monitoring Organizations Across States”

IGCWG Members Michael J. Lynch and Paul B. Stretesky have a new article out on the process of water-monitoring across different states. This paper is the first to draw upon the ideas found in the community oriented policing literature to examine water-monitoring organizations. See below for a table with the full details. The paper is available in Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies & Management, Vol. 36 Iss: 1.

Citation:
Michael J. Lynch, Paul B. Stretesky, (2013) “The Distribution of Water-Monitoring Organizations across States: Implications for Community Environmental Policing and Social Justice”, Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies & Management, Vol. 36 Iss: 1

Article type:
Research paper

Publisher:
Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Abstract:
Purpose – Purpose. This paper draws upon concepts in community oriented policing to explore the distribution of citizen water monitoring organizations and their role in community environmental policing in order to address the issue of environmental justice. The empirical portion of the analysis examines the distribution of these organizations across states, and the relationship of this distribution to social inequity.

Design/methodology/approach – Design. This study design is cross-sectional in nature and examines the distribution and density of 1,308 citizen water-monitoring organizations across states. Ordinary least squares regression is used to examine the relationship between the density and social disadvantage while controlling for environmental enforcement patterns, rates of non-compliance, water quality, region of the country, water area, and coastal states.

Findings – Findings. Race and ethnicity are negatively correlated with the density of water-monitoring organizations across states. Median household income is positively correlated with water-monitoring organizations across states.

Practica…

Animal Harm by Angus Nurse out now, newest entry in Ashgate’s Green Criminology Series.

 

Angus Nurse’s new book on animal ethics was released last month. Animal Harm: Perspectives on Why People Harm and Kill Animals, explores the reasons why people commit violence against animals. This is the second release in Ashgate’s Green Criminology Series. (See bottom of post for Contents List)
 

“Why do people harm, injure, torture and kill animals? This book evaluates the reasons why these crimes are committed and outlines the characteristics of the animal offender. It considers ethical and value judgements made about animals and the tacit acknowledgement and justification of unacceptable criminal behaviour towards the harming of animals made by offenders. Situating animal abuse, wildlife crime, illegal wildlife trading and other unlawful activities directed at animals firmly within Green Criminology, the book contends that this is a distinct, multi-dimensional type of criminality which persists despite the introduction of relevant legislation. Taking a broad approach, the book considers the killing and harming of animals in an international context and examines the effectiveness of current legislation, policy and sentencing.

Including a section on further reading and useful organizations, this book is a valuable exploration into perspectives on the responsibility owed by man to animals as part of broader ecological and legal concerns. It will interest criminologists, ecologists, animal protectionists and those interested in law and society and law and the environment.”

 

Animal Harm by Angus Nurse is available for purchase now from Ashgate’s website for $108/£58.50. North and South American buyers visit this link, for the rest of the world the book is available here. North and South American orders will ship within the next four weeks.

The Green Criminology Series is a collaborative effort by many members of the IGCWG. The series is edited by Dr. Michael J. Lynch and Dr. Paul Stretesky, long-time green…

Call For Papers: “Environment and the Law: Popular Struggles, Popular Epidemiology and other Forms of Resistance ‘from Below’ in Worldwide Areas at Risk”

CALL FOR PAPERS The international congress on Sociology of Law and Political Action will take place in Toulouse, France on September 3 to 6, 2013; organized by Sciences-Po Toulouse in collaboration with the Research Committee on Sociology of Law of the International Sociological Association (ISA/RCSL).

Pietro Saitta (University of Messina) and Ilaria Lazzerini (University of Milan) solicit contributions for the following workshop:

“Environment and the Law: Popular Struggles, Popular Epidemiology and other Forms of Resistance ‘from Below’ in Worldwide Areas at Risk”.
The theme of the workshop concerns the relation between the environment and populations in areas at risk. It aims at exploring how lay-actors’ reactions to environmental manipulation attempted by states and corporations challenge the law, the policies concerning the development of the areas, the notion of general interest, citizenship, etc. The workshop, thus, is interested in shedding light on the interplay, the techniques and the effects of the struggles for environment and development. In particular, postcolonial reflections on the relations between space, “development” and the law are welcomed. Finally, the workshop is open to any kind of method, but it especially favors qualitative and ethnographic investigations on the subject. (For a broader description: http://2013rcslcongress.sciencespo-toulouse.fr/IMG/pdf/Call_for_Papers_-_Environment_and_the_Law.pdf)

Deadlines and submissions:
Authors interested in this initiative should submit an abstract (max 300 words) by February 15, 2013.
A complete version of the paper should be sent by June 30, 2013.
For submissions please use the following link: http://2013rcslcongress.sciencespo-toulouse.fr/call-for-papers

For further information about the workshop (not the congress) please contact:
Pietro Saitta (pisait AT Gmail DOT COM) and Ilaria Lazzerini (lazzerini.ilaria AT yahoo.it).

For further information about t…

Call For Papers: CRIMSOC Green Criminology & Environmental Justice Special Issue

We would like to announce this call for papers for a special issue of the CRIMSOC: the Journal of Social Criminology, focusing on Green Criminology & Environmental Justice.
CRIMSOC Green Criminology & Environmental Justice Special Issue
The social and ecological consequences of environmental crime’

With the emergence of Green Criminology and Environmental Justice as significant areas of inquiry in the field of Criminology, CRIMSOC: the Journal of Social Criminology is issuing a Call for Papers for the CRIMSOC Green Criminology & Environmental Justice Special Issue.
http://crimsoc.org/2-uncategorised/82-the-social-and-ecological-consequences-of-environmental-crime-cfps

This special issue will be co-edited by Dr. Liam Leonard, Executive Senior Editor of CRIMSOC, and Dr. Rob White of the Univ. Tasmania, renown internationally for his work in the area of ‘green criminology’.

The date for submission of papers will be 1st March 2013. Submit to the editors:

Liam Leonard: liam_leonard@yahoo.com
Rob Whit…

For the First Time, Green Criminology is a Submission Category for the ASC. (UPDATE)

asc-logo-small

We would like to announce that Green Criminology has been given its own submission category for the first time ever in the American Society of Criminology. For this year’s ASC Conference it will be possible to submit papers and research to a dedicated category for green criminology.

Since this is the first year of the category it is very important that there are a lot of submissions. You can submit a paper to the “Green Criminology” category by selecting “Area II. Types of Offending” and then “15. Green Criminology.”

The ASC 2013 Annual Meeting Submission Site is up now and submissions are due by Friday, March 15th, 2013. The 2013 ASC Conference will be held in Atlanta, Georgia on November 20th-23rd.

Please support this category for its premiere year and spread the message that it is available. Thank you.

UPDATE:
Nigel South, Area Chair, would like to encourage all members and those interested in green criminology to submit papers. Both both thematic panels and single papers are suggested. Individual papers will be organized into 3 or 4 panels. We would like to encourage creativity and debate.

“Author-meets-Critic or similar style forums are welcome and can be organised via Josh Hinkle (jhinkle@gsu.edu). If you are interested in organizing a session like this please send any details to greencriminology@gmail so we can publicize your session.

We don’t have to conform to the panel format if there are other suggestions / requests.

This is a great opportunity for us to raise the profile of a green criminology within ASC and internationally.

Please do consider presenting at or just attending the sessions devoted to Green Criminology (Area II, Types of Offending: 15) at the ASC in 2013″

Avi Brisman will be organizing a meeting of the IGCWG at this year’s ASC. Details will be forthcoming, but at the moment it is being planned to be midday on the 20th. It will be a good opportunity for members to network and meet as well as a chance to…

“Green Carbon, Black Trade: A Rapid Response Assessment on Illegal Logging”

The UN and Interpol have published a new report, Green Carbon, Black Trade: A Rapid Response Assessment on Illegal Logging, Tax Fraud and Launder-ing in the World’s Tropical Forests. The report examines how illegal logging and its impacts on the lives of some of the poorest people in the world. The report is available online for free in three languages, English, Spanish, and French.

This report – Green Carbon, Black Trade – by UNEP and INTERPOL focuses on illegal logging and its impacts on the lives and livelihoods of often some of the poorest people in the world set aside the environmental damage. It underlines how criminals are combining old fashioned methods such as bribes with high tech methods such as computer hacking of government web sites to obtain transportation and other permits. The report spotlights the increasingly sophisticated tactics being deployed to launder illegal logs through a web of palm oil plantations, road networks and saw mills.

You can download the report for free here.

Study Conservation and Criminology Abroad In Madagascar, Summer 2013

From Michigan State University:

Madagascar is home to an astonishing diversity of species. Thousands of species of plants, reptiles, amphibians, birds, and primates live here and nowhere else on Earth. Until recently, Malagasy people (comprised of 17 different ethnic groups) had limited land tenure rights and little support for livelihoods beyond subsistence-based resource extraction. Madagascar is faced with balancing the delicate relationship between human development and environmental protection. This has had devastating consequences for both the country’s natural environment and people’s standard of living.

This study abroad program examines the nexus of biodiversity conservation and livelihood preservation on the world’s fourth largest island, Madagascar. We will visit multiple terrestrial and marine protected areas in diverse habitat types (e.g., tropical humid forest, deciduous dry forest, coastal and marine habitats, mangroves, and coral reefs) to better understand the evolution and sustainability of natural resource governance in Madagascar. We will see first-hand and discuss the challenges associated with managing and enforcing protected areas (e.g., illegal logging, lemur or tortoise poaching) as well as the opportunities (e.g., carbon banking, ecotourism, community policing). Students will learn about how Malagasy people react to and think about environmental enforcement and environmental degradation. Conservation professionals and local guides will discuss voluntary and mandatory compliance interventions designed to foster co-conservation of cultural and natural resources, educational and technological innovations. Students will visit captive breeding programs for the world’s most endangered turtle, tortoise and duck species. Students will directly interact with conservation practitioners, enforcement officials, biologists, and local people to experientially learn about Malagasy culture and natural resources. Students will also:

· Get…

Call For Papers Announcement

We would like to share some calls for papers for various conferences coming up in the next few months.

The conferences are listed in chronological order by deadline date, and are accompanied by a short description of each conference, full details are available if you click through to each respective page.

12th Global Conference: Environmental Justice and Citizenship,
Oxford, UK – Due February 8th.

This inter-disciplinary and multi-disciplinary conference aims to explore the role of environmental thinking in the context of contemporary society and international affairs, and assess the implications for our understandings of fairness, justice and citizenship. “Environmental justice” is conceived broadly as reflecting not only justice in the context of human communities but also towards other species, ecosystems, habitats, landscapes, succeeding generations and the environment as a whole. “Citizenship” is understood as an awareness of individual’s relative responsibilities in the global context.
Presentations, papers, performances, reports and workshops are invited on any of the following indicative themes:
- Boundaries: reach and limitations of judicial and political systems in contributing to solving problems of environmental justice and citizenship
- Media and knowledge: generating, vetting and disseminating information related to environmental justice and citizenship; sources and channels
- Education: approaches to environmental education
- Hegemony and diversity: resolving problems involving differences in moral and legal frameworks
- Sustainable communities: lessons to be learned from communities that have implemented standards for environmental justice
- Hope: the roles of emotions in shaping behavior and practices; how hope for environmental justice and citizenship develops and is sustained
- Critical thinking: skills, assumptions, perspectives and habits of mind essential to environmental justice and citizenship
The Steering Grou…

Criminologists Withouth Borders Call for National Correspondents, 2013: Envrionmental Crimes

Criminologists Without Borders is currently asking for contributions from colleagues to be submitted as part of the group’s efforts to make an impact on UN’s policies.Gohar Petrossian, a criminologist without borders and an IGCWG member who is participating in this initiative, had this to say:
“This year’s UN Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice is meeting in Vienna to discuss “challenges posed by emerging forms of crime that have a significant impact on the environment and ways to deal with it effectively”, which gives us, the green criminologists, a great opportunity to share our research with international policy makers. The submitted literature reviews on the topic (see the attached two files for more detail) will be put into a booklet, which will, then, be handed out in Vienna in April.”
More details about the Criminologists Without Borders initiative and their guidelines are available below. Those interested in submitting work should download the two attached files (see bottom of page) for full details:
“The theme of the 22nd session of the UN Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice, to be held in Vienna April 22-26, 2013 is “challenges posed by emerging forms of crime that have a significant impact on the environment and ways to deal with it effectively”. To inform the Commission’s discussion on this topic, Criminologists Without Borders is preparing a handout for representatives of UN member states summarizing current research on this topic. CWOB is a registered non-profit organization which seeks to provide objective information and research to inform policy and programs dealing with crime and criminal justice. It offers a neutral forum for the presentation and dissemination of research and best practices informed by social scientific evidence. More information about CWOB is available at http://criminologists-without-borders.org/.
We are seeking National Correspondents who are able to provide us with a researc…

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